A “Sniper is a highly trained sharpshooter who hits the target from concealed positions and some distances. A sniper generally operates alone with a special precision rifle and some sort of communication devices.”
WarHistoryOnline.com – Sniper is a highly trained sharpshooter who hits the target from concealed positions and some distances. A sniper generally operates alone with a special precision rifle and some sort of communication devices.
The word ‘sniper’ and the verb ‘to snipe’ originated among the troopers in the 1770s in British India where it was an extremely difficult task to hunt the migratory Snipe bird (Gallinago gallinago) due to its camouflage feather patterns and erratic flight patterns. The phrase ‘Going on a snipe hunt’ is used by experienced people to make fun of novices by giving them virtually an impossible task.
In addition to sharpshooting, military snipers are also trained in infiltration, field craft, camouflage, surveillance, reconnaissance and target locating. During the WWII, the Soviet snipers played a remarkable role on the Eastern Front. The Russian snipers generally used the standard Mosin-Nagant 1891 model rifles with optical PU Scope (Scope short cut), 7.62×54mmR rifle cartridges, armor piercing B-30 shells, tracer bullets and calibrated incendiary (P3). They used to carry 120 rifle cartridges as combat load. Unlike other countries, women were also recruited by Soviet Union as snipers and there were over 2,000 women snipers operating in 1943. Soviet Union was also the only country that trained snipers on purpose in the decade leading up to WWII and their superiority in the following list of top 10 most lethal snipers of WWII is clearly visible. 9 out of 10 in this list are Soviet snipers and 1 Finnish sniper.
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